India National Anthem – Jana Gana Mana

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Cover Page for India National Anthem Song - Jana Gana Mana by Rabindra Nath Tagore

India National Anthem

National Anthem

    The anthem, composed originally in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950. It was first sung 27 December 1911 at the Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress. The complete song consists of five stanzas. The playing time of the full version of the National Anthem is approximately 52 seconds. A short version consisting of the first and last lines of the stanza (playing time approx. 20 seconds) is also played on certain occasions. The lyrics were rendered into English by Tagore himself.

 

Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka jaya he
Bharata-bhagya-vidhata
Panjaba-Sindhu-Gujarata-Maratha
Dravida-Utkala-Banga
Vindhya-Himachala-Yamuna-Ganga
uchchala-jaladhi-taranga
Tava Subha name jage,
tava subha asisa mage,
gahe tava jaya-gatha.
Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he
Bharata-bhagya-vidhata.
Jaya he, Jaya he, Jaya he,
jaya jaya jaya jaya he.

English translation by Rabindranath Tagore

Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people, dispenser of India’s destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts of the Punjab, Sindh,
Gujarat and Maratha, of the Dravida, Orissa and Bengal.
It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas, 
mingles in the music of the Jamuna and Ganges
and is chanted by the waves of the Indian Sea.
They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise.
The saving of all people waits in thy hand,
thou dispenser of India’s destiny.
Victory, Victory, Victory to thee.

 


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